Weekly Q/A List :

Q1 : Which of the following is not a primary function of the pump casing?
  • a. Transmit torque from the driver to the impeller
  • b. To convert kinetic energy into pressure energy
  • c. To develop dynamic head
  • d. Directing flow into and out of impeller
  • e. Provide support to the bearing bracket
  • f. Incorporate nozzles to connect suction & discharge piping.

Q2 : A pump develops 100 m head while handling kerosene with specific gravity of 0.8. What head will the pump develop if the liquid handled is water:
  • a. 120m
  • b. 100m
  • c. 80m
  • d. 60m

Q3 : A pump lifts water from a sump. Static height of the pump center line from the water level in the sump is 5m. Friction loss in the suction pipe line 0.5m, vapor pressure at pumping temperature is 0.5m and the atmospheric pressure is 10.3m of water column. What is the approximate NPSH available at this installation?
  • a. 14.3 m
  • b. 4.3 m
  • c. 4.8 m
  • d. 14.8 m

Q4 : Which of the following statements about cavitation is not true?
  • a. Cavitation occurs when NPSH available is less than the NPSH required by the pump.
  • b. Cavitation is caused by the collapse of air bubbles in the suction side of the pump.
  • c. Cavitation does not occur during part flow operation since available NPSH is high.
  • d. Cavitation occurs only on the suction side of the impellers.
  • e. Cast Iron impellers have the least ability to resist cavitation damage.

Q5 : The following diagram shows pump performance curve superimposed on system characteristics. Can you identify the various terms in the table?


  • a. System Resistance Curve
  • b. Friction Head
  • c. Static Head
  • d. Total Dynamic Head
  • e. Head Capacity Curve
  • f. Operating Point
  • A. (a) - 2 (b) - 5 (c) - 4 (d) - 6 (e) - 1 (f) - 3
  • B. (a) - 1 (b) - 4 (c) - 6 (d) - 5 (e) - 2 (f) - 3
  • C. (a) - 2 (b) - 6 (c) - 4 (d) - 5 (e) - 1 (f) - 3
  • D. (a) - 1 (b) - 4 (c) - 5 (d) - 6 (e) - 2 (f) - 3

Q6 : For each of the following duties which is the most appropriate type of impeller:
  • a. Radial flow
  • b. Francis Vane
  • c. Mixed Flow
  • d. Axial Flow
  • 1. c - b - a - d
  • 2. a - d - b - c
  • 3. d - a - b - c
  • 4. b - a - d - c

Q7 : In a pumping system where the major component of the total head is friction, which of the following three methods of flow control is the most energy efficient? The flow through a pump can be controlled by:
  • a) Throttling
  • b) Connecting or disconnecting pump running in series or parallel
  • c) Speed control

Q8 : Which of the following properties are important for selecting the material of construction of an impeller:
  • a) Endurance Limit
  • b) Corrosion Resistance
  • c) Abrasive Wear Resistance
  • d) Cavitation Resistance
  • e) Casting and machining properties
  • f) Tip speed
  • g) Cost
  • h) Working Pressure
  • i) Galling Characteristics

Q9 : According to American Standard NFPA20 for fire pumps, pumps are generally provided with gland packing and mechanical seals are not used. What is the main reason for using gland packing in place of mechanical seals for these pumps?
  • a) Gland Packing is easily installed.
  • b) Gland Packing is cheaper than mechanical seal.
  • c) Leakage tends to increase gradually giving early indication of impending failure.
  • d) Gland Packing is less sensitive to the axial movement of shaft compared to mechanical seal.
  • e) Gland Packing is easily replaced when the gland is split.

Q10 : The following is a list of some of the Quality Assurance checks carried out by a pump manufacturer:
  • a) Shaft Ultrasonic test
  • b) Casing UTS, hardness test, chemical test
  • c) Impeller - chemical analysis
  • d) Impeller – dynamic balancing
  • e) Casing - hydrostatic pressure test
  • f) Pump - Performance test
  • g) Pump - dimensional check
  • h) NPSH test

The following is a list of the Test Reports as required by a user:

Please identify the QA document which contains the appropriate test report from the following options:

A.  B.
C.  D.

Q11 : Which of the following impeller types has the highest efficiency potential?
  • a) Radial flow impeller
  • b) Francis Vane impeller
  • c) Mixed flow impeller
  • d) Axial flow impeller

Q12 : The following are four End Suction ISO 2858 pumps. Pump efficiencies are
  • 1. 72%
  • 2. 75%
  • 3. 81%
  • 4. 83%

Can you place the correct efficiencies in the appropriate boxes?

Pump Size Best efficiency duty point at 1480 rpm Efficiency
A. 125x80-400 140 m3/hr, 50m
B. 125x100-400 190 m3/hr, 50m
C. 150x125-400 300 m3/hr, 50m
D. 200x150-400 450 m3/hr, 50m
  • a) A-1 B-2 C-3 D-4
  • b) A-4 B-3 C-2 D-1
  • c) A-3 B-1 C-2 D-4
  • d) A-2 B-4 C-3 D-1

All the pumps generate the same head and impeller diameters are identical (400mm) - Why are the efficiencies different?


Q13 : Select the Pumps for the given duty points:
S/N SPEED (RPM) HEAD (m) FLOW (Litre Per Sec)
1 1480 20 100 LPS
2 1480 22 140 LPS
3 1000 80 564 LPS
4 1480 100 564 LPS
  • a) 1: 6HS14 2: 8HS10 3: 16HS32 4: 12HS23
  • b) 1: 8HS12 2: 8HS12 3: 14HS32 4: 14HS26
  • c) 1: 6HS12 2: 8HS12 3: 16HS32 4: 12HS23
  • d) 1: 6HS10 2: 10HS12 3: 18HS25 4: 10HS22

Q14 : You have two pumps conforming to ISO 2858 standard one from Europe (KSB) and the other from Australia (TKL). Both have the same designation - 100x80-315 and both run at 1500 rpm. You would expect both the pumps to have:
  • a) Same design capacity, head and impeller diameter
  • b) Identical foot-print and installation interface dimensions
  • c) Same materials of construction
  • d) None of the above

Q15 : American Petroleum Institute Standard API 610 (10th edition) is a process pump standard for petrochemical plants and refineries. A user will insist on pumps complying to this standard when which of the following is required?
  • a) Optimum pump efficiency is wanted
  • b) Lowest life cycle cost for the installation
  • c) Highest reliability in a critical application
  • d) Lowest environmental impact

Q16 : A double suction split-case pump is sometimes preferred over an end suction pump because of?
  • a) Smaller installation dimensions
  • b) Ease of maintenance
  • c) Absence of radial thrust load
  • d) All of the above

Q17 : There are two identical end suction pumps A and B of designation 200x150-500. Both A and B have identical impellers and shafts, the only difference between these two pumps being that A has a single volute casing while B uses a double volute casing. Which of the following statements is true?
  • a) B is likely to be more efficient than A at the best efficiency point (design point)
  • b) Shaft deflection at the stuffing box will be higher for B
  • c) A will have lower axial thrust load
  • d) B will have lower radial thrust load at part flow operation

Q18 : There are two axially split-case pumps with the following description:
Parameters Pump model- 6x8-21 Pump model- 8x10-14
Rated capacity 450 m3/hr. 750 m3/hr.
Rated head 90 m 36 m
Impeller diameter 540 mm 360 mm
Impeller width at outlet (including shrouds) 40 mm 76 mm
Speed 1480 rpm 1480 rpm
Type of casing Single volute Single volute
Type of impeller Double entry Double entry
Which of the following statements is true?
  • a) Axial thrust of 8x10-14 is likely to be greater than that of 6x8-21
  • b) 6x8-21 is likely to be more efficient than 8x10-14
  • c) Radial thrust at 50% flow will be more in case of 6x8-21
  • d) None of the above

Q19 : Which of the following statement is not true for a two stage axially split-case pump with two back-to-back single-entry impellers?
  • a) Protect the shaft from abrasion and wear
  • b) Increase the stiffness of the rotating element (shaft to be more precise)
  • c) Reduce leakage losses through the stuffing box
  • d) None of the above

Q20 : Which of the following statement is not true for a two stage axially split-case pump with two back to back single-entry impellers?
  • a) Total head developed by the pump is the sum of heads developed by each stage.
  • b) The pump axial thrust is balanced because of two opposed single-entry impellers.
  • c) The pump radial thrust is balanced because the volutes of two stages are at 1800 to each other.
  • d) The total capacity of the pump is the sum of the flow through each stage.

Q21 : Which of the following statements is not true about packed gland pumps?
  • a) Packed gland pumps are preferred over mechanical seal fitted pumps in services such as fire protection where catastrophic failure of mechanical seals cannot be tolerated.
  • b) Compared to a mechanical seal fitted pump, mechanical efficiency of a packed gland pump is lower.
  • c) It's possible to reduce leakage to zero through a packed gland stuffing box.
  • d) Packed gland pumps generally have shaft sleeves to protect the shafts from abrasive wear at the stuffing box.

Q22 : Which of the following statements about pump shaft is not true?
  • a) Diameter of the pump shaft depends mainly on the power absorbed (kW), speed of the pump and the permissible shear stress for the shaft material selected.
  • b) Shaft stiffness factor (L3/D4) where L is the bearing span and D is the average shaft diameter is one of the measures of the shaft deflection.
  • c) Keyways, threads and sharp changes of section are stress raisers in a pump shaft.
  • d) A double volute pump needs shaft of larger diameter compared to a single volute pump.

Q23 : Which of the following statements about pump casings is not true?
  • a) Pump casing plays an important role in the generation of dynamic head, same as the pump impeller.
  • b) Thickness of the pump casing depends on the yield strength of the material used, permissible deflection, corrosion allowance required and the maximum test pressure.
  • c) Single volute casing is easier to cast compared to a double volute casing.
  • d) Casings are vulnerable to leakage, during pressure test, in areas where there are sharp changes of section.

Q24 : Euler's equation He = U2VU2 / g assumes infinite no of vanes and radial entry into impeller eye (Vu1 = 0). According to this equation, Euler's head depends on which of the following?
  • a) Impeller type, speed and outlet diameter.
  • b) Impeller outlet vane angle, speed and outlet diameter.
  • c) Impeller inlet and outlet diameter, speed and flow.
  • d) None of the above.

Q25 : For the pumping system shown in the figure below, calculate the total head and the power absorbed by the pump. Assume pump efficiency of 80%.

Power absorbed is given by:

BkW = (Q×H×S.G.) / (3.67×efficiency)

Q – Flow rate in m3/hr
H – Total Dynamic Head in meter water column (m)
S.G – Specific Gravity of the working fluid

  • a) 30 m and 46 kW
  • b) 32 m and 49 kW
  • c) 35 m and 53.6 kW
  • d) 30 m and 4.6 kW

Q26 : A centrifugal pump generates a pressure of 100 psi (a head of 231 ft = 100 psi x 2.31), while handling clean water of specific gravity 1.0. What pressures and head will this pump generate when pumping brine with sp. gr. 1.2 and kerosene with sp. gr. 0.8?
  • a) Brine (head = 192.5 ft, pressure = 100 psi) & kerosene (head = 288.7 ft, pressure = 100 psi)
  • b) Brine (head = 231 ft, pressure = 83.3 psi) & kerosene (head = 231 ft, pressure = 100 ps)
  • c) Brine (head = 231 ft, pressure = 120 psi) & kerosene (head = 231 ft, pressure = 80 psi)
  • d) Brine (head = 192.5 ft, pressure = 120 psi) & kerosene (head = 208.7 ft, pressure = 80 psi)

Q27 : The affinity laws of centrifugal pumps suggest that pump capacity varies directly with the impeller diameter, pump head as the square of the diameter and power as the cube of the diameter (assuming the efficiency is unchanged). The law holds good for impeller trims limited by the pump specific speed, impeller type and inlet diameter of the impeller. Assuming that the affinity laws hold good for the impeller trim shown below, what will be the capacity, head and efficiency for the current operating point?
Current Operating Point
  • a) Q = 450 m3/hr., H= 81 m, η = 82% and power = 121 kW
  • b) Q = 405 m3/hr., H= 72.9 m, η = 73.8% and power = 109 kW
  • c) Q = 450 m3/hr., H= 72.9 m, η = 82% and power = 109 kW
  • d) Q = 405 m3/hr., H= 81 m, η = 82% and power = 109 kW

Q28 : A pump manufacturer has to test an external firefighting pump for ship (FiFi pump) of the following specifications:
Capacity 2400 m3/hr.
Head 150 m
Efficiency 86%
Speed 1800 rpm
Medium Sea water (sp. gr. = 1.03)
Driver Main propulsion engine through power take-off and gear box

The manufacturer can test pump at his works, using one of the test motors at six pole speed (1000 rpm synchronous). What will be the rated duty condition of the pump at 1000 rpm at the test bed and what should be the rating of the test- motor. Test bed uses clean cold water (sp. gr. = 1.0) for testing.

  • a) Q = 1333 m3/hr., H = 83.3 m, motor = 400 kW, 6 pole
  • b) Q = 1333 m3/hr., H = 46.3 m, motor = 230 kW, 6 pole
  • c) Q = 740 m3/hr., H = 83.3 m, motor = 215 kW, 6 pole
  • d) Q = 740 m3/hr., H = 83.3 m, motor = 215 kW, 6 pole

Q29 : The specific speed of an impeller is expressed as (N√Q) / H^0.75 , where N = speed, Q = flow in USGPM and H = head/stage in ft. Following are four impellers for double suction split-case pumps with their rated duties. What are their specific speeds (US units)?
Impeller- 5HS12 Impeller- 6HS17 Impeller- 6HS22 Impeller- 8HS26
Q = 1110 US gpm Q = 1760 US gpm Q = 2200 US gpm Q = 3170 US gpm
H = 72 ft. H = 180 ft. H = 295 ft. H = 460 ft.
N = 1450 rpm N = 1480 rpm N = 1480 rpm N = 1480 rpm
  • a)
    Pump A 900
    Pump B 975
    Pump C 1263
    Pump D 1954
  • b)
    Pump A 975
    Pump B 1954
    Pump C 1263
    Pump D 840
  • c)
    Pump A 1954
    Pump B 1263
    Pump C 975
    Pump D 840
  • d)
    Pump A 1263
    Pump B 1954
    Pump C 975
    Pump D 900

Q30 : Referring to Fraser-Sabini efficiency chart attached, what will be the efficiencies of the four pumps listed?
Impeller- 5HS12 Impeller- 6HS17 Impeller- 6HS22 Impeller- 8HS26
Q = 1110 US gpm Q = 1760 US gpm Q = 2200 US gpm Q = 3170 US gpm
H = 72 ft. H = 180 ft. H = 295 ft. H = 460 ft.
N = 1450 rpm N = 1480 rpm N = 1480 rpm N = 1480 rpm
Optimum Efficiency
  • a)
    Pump A 84%
    Pump B 81%
    Pump C 80.5%
    Pump D 79%
  • b)
    Pump A 83%
    Pump B 78%
    Pump C 84%
    Pump D 80%
  • c)
    Pump A 82%
    Pump B 84%
    Pump C 83%
    Pump D 75%
  • d)
    Pump A 81%
    Pump B 67%
    Pump C 85%
    Pump D 72%

Q31 : Suction specific speed is an indicator of the suction capability of a pump. It is also a measure of suction energy of the pump & its permissible range of operation. External fire pumps for ships (FiFi pumps) operate at a single duty point and the typical duties are as follows:
Pump A Pump B Pump C Pump D
Q = 2400 m3/hr. Q = 1200 m3/hr. Q = 600 m3/hr. Q = 300 m3/hr.
H = 150 m H = 140 m H = 140 m H = 140 m
N = 1800 rpm N = 1800 rpm N = 1800 rpm N = 2100 rpm

The suction specific speed (Nss) is given by (N√Q) / ((NPSHr)0.75)
where, N = speed in rpm, Q = flow/eye in US gpm and NPSHr is in ft.
Assuming that most commercially designed pumps achieve Nss = 9000 (US units), what would be the expected NPSHr of pumps A, B, C & D if all of them are double suction split-case single

  • a)
    Pump A 17.2 m
    Pump B 10.8 m
    Pump C 6.8 m
    Pump D 5.3 m
  • b)
    Pump A 10.8 m
    Pump B 6.8 m
    Pump C 4.3 m
    Pump D 3.3 m
  • c)
    Pump A 6.4 m
    Pump B 4.1 m
    Pump C 2.5 m
    Pump D 2.0 m
  • d)
    Pump A 4.3 m
    Pump B 6.8 m
    Pump C 10.8 m
    Pump D 3.3 m

Q32 : A ship-owner is considering installation of two diesel engine driven external fire pumps on the ship deck. Pump duty and suction conditions are as follows: -

Rated capacity of each pump - 600 m3/hr

Rated head - 140 m

Static lift (minimum water level to pump center line) = 3.0 m

Total losses in the pipe line (strainer, bend, straight pipe, etc.) = 0.5 m

Vapor pressure = 0.6 m

Atmospheric pressure = 10.3 m

Available NPSH = (10.3 - 3.0 - 0.5 - 0.6) m = 6.2 m
The ship-owner wants to maintain a safety ratio of 1.2 (NPSHa/NPSHr) to prevent cavitation. What is the maximum speed at which he can run a) an end suction pump b) a double suction pump, considering that pumps operate at B.E.P for rated duties and that they have been designed for Nss = 9000 US units?

  • a) End suction-2080 RPM & Double suction - 2080 RPM
  • b) End suction-2080 RPM & Double suction - 1470 RPM
  • c) End suction-1470 RPM & Double suction - 2080 RPM
  • d) End suction-1677 RPM & Double suction - 2370 RPM

Q33 : What is the NPSHa for the following system:

(Given, vapor pressure of water at pumping temperature is 0.5 m & suction vessel is open to atmospheric pressure.)

  • a) 6.8 m
  • b) 7.8 m
  • c) 8.8 m
  • d) 9.9 m

Q34 : The following figure shows various types of losses in a centrifugal pump. Please identify the labels with their positions & select the right option.
Types of Losses


Type of Losses Labels
A) Entrance Shock losses 1
B) Mechanical losses 2
C) Leakage loses 3
D) Disk friction losses 4
E) Casing hydraulic losses 5
  • a)
    A 1
    B 5
    C 2
    D 3
    E 4
  • b)
    A 1
    B 5
    C 3
    D 2
    E 4
  • c)
    A 4
    B 2
    C 1
    D 3
    E 5
  • d)
    A 4
    B 1
    C 5
    D 2
    E 3

Q35 : Pump H-Q curve has been superimposed on the system curve in the figure below. Identify the head figures.
Pump H-Q Curve


Head Figures
A) Static Head
B) Friction head at duty point
C) Total Head at duty point
D) Friction head at 250 M3/Hr.
E) Total Head at 750 M3/Hr.
  • a)
    A 28M
    B 22M
    C 50M
    D 80M
    E 9M
  • b)
    A 22M
    B 28M
    C 9M
    D 50M
    E 80M
  • c)
    A 22M
    B 28M
    C 50M
    D 7M
    E 85M
  • d)
    A 80M
    B 28M
    C 50M
    D 7M
    E 22M

Q36 : The figure below represents curves for a pumping system. One would expect a system curve of this nature in the following systems.
Curves for a Pumping System


System Options
Boiler Feed Pump A)
Town Water Distribution B)
Heat Exchanger C)
Mine Dewatering D)